Sunday, May 31, 2009


Remembrance of Allah in all Conditions

Allah Almighty says in the Qur'an:
"When my servants ask you concerning me, (tell them) I am indeed close (to them). I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he calls on me." [2:186]

The place of duaa is so high to Allah, that the Prophet had said:
"Nothing is more honourable to Allah the Most High than du`a."

[Sahih al-Jami` no.5268]. He also said: "The most excellent worship is du`a."
[Sahih Al-Jami` no. 1133]; "If one does not ask Allah, He will get angry with him."
[Sahih al-Jami` no.2414]
Why our Du'as are not answered
by ibn Rajab al Hanbali
from Khushu' fis-salah

Ibrahim ibn Adham - may Allah have mercy on
him - a third century scholar, a teacher and a
companion of Sufyan ath-Thawri, was asked
about the saying of Allah - the Most High:

"and your Lord says: "Call on me I will answer
your prayer..."

"We supplicate and we are not answered."
So he said to them:

You know Allah,
Yet you do not obey Him,

You recite the Qur'an,
Yet do not act according to it,

You know Shaitan,
Yet you have agreed with him,

You proclaim that you love Muhammad
Yet you abandon his Sunnah,

You proclaim your love for Paradise,
Yet you do not act to gain it,

You proclaim your fear the Fire,
Yet you do not prevent yourselves from sins,

You say "Indeed death is true",
Yet you have not prepared for it,

You point out the faults with others,
Yet you do not look at your faults,

You eat of that which Allah has provided for you,
Yet you do not thank Him,

You bury your dead,
Yet you do not take a lesson from it."

Duas for Health


"رَبَّهُ أَنِّي مَسَّنِيَ الضُّرُّ وَأَنتَ أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ "

Rabbu inni massani-yadh-urru wa 'anta arhamur-Raahimeen
O my Rubb, Surely, distress has touched me, and You are the most Merciful of the merciful ones.
[surah al-Anbiya; 21:83]
- what Prophet Ayyub (alayhis salam) recited

For Distress and Anguish
(Happpiness & peace)

Allahumma inni 'abduka, ibnu 'abdika, ibnu amatika, naasiyati biyadika, maadhin fiyya hukumuka, 'adhlun fiyya qadha'uka asaluka bi kulli ismin huwa laka, sammaita bihi nafsaka, aw an-zaltahu fi kitabika, aw 'allamtahu ahadan min khalqika, awista'tharta bihi fi 'ilmil-ghaibi 'indaka, an taj'alal-Qur'ana Rabbi'a qalbi, wa nura sadri, wa jalaa'a huzni, wa dhahaba hammi
Oh Allah, I am Your servant, the son of Your servant, the son of your maid-servant, and entirely at Your service. You hold me by my forelock. Your Decree is what controls me, and Your Commands to me are just. I beseech You by every one of Your Names, those which You use to refer to Yourself, or have revealed in Your Book, or have taught to any one of Your creation, or have chosen to keep hidden with You in the Unseen, to make the Qur’an Al-Karim the springtime of my heart, the light of my eyes, the departure of my grief, and the vanishing of my affliction and my sorrow.
[Ahmad 1:391, ibn Hibban]
The Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) said, there is no-one who is afflicted by distress and grief, and says (the above), but Allah will take away his distress and grief, and replace it with joy." He was asked: "O Messenger of Allah, should we learn this?" He said: "Of course; everyone who hears it should learn it

حَسْبُنَا اللَّهُ وَ نِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ
hasbunal-lahu wa ni'mal wakeel
Allah is sufficient for us and the Best of those on whom to depend
[sahih al Bukhari 5:172]
When frightened or meet an adversary or powerful ruler
Dua While Visiting
the Sick People
لا بَأسَ طَهُورٌ إِنْ شَاءَ اللّهُ
La ba'sa tahuroon insha'Allah
(Do not worry, it will be a purification (for you), God Willing)
[Sahih al-Bukhari, cf. Al-Asqalani - Fath al-Bari 10/118]

Saturday, May 30, 2009

BEST TIME TO MAKE DUA (Supplication)



இது ஒரு பொழுது போக்கு இணைய‌



ப‌ற்றி எச்ச‌ரிக்கும் இணைய‌ த‌ள‌ம்.

Best Times to make Dua (Supplication)

There are certain times dua (supplication)
is more likely to be accepted by Allah (SWT)
as mentioned by Prophet (SAW). These
times are as follows:

1. The Last Third Of The Night
Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated that Allah’s
Messenger (SAW) said: 'In the last third
of every night our Rabb (Cherisher and
Sustainer) (Allah (SWT)) descends to the
lowermost heaven and says; "Who is
calling Me, so that I may answer him?
Who is asking Me so that may I grant
him? Who is seeking forgiveness from
Me so that I may forgive him?."'
[Sahih al-Bukhari, Hadith Qudsi]

Amr ibn Absah narrated that the
Prophet said: 'The closest any
worshipper can be to His Lord is
during the last part of the night,
so if you can be amongst those
who remember Allah at that time,
then do so.'[at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasa'i,
al-Hakim - Sahih]

2. Late at night
When people are sleeping and busy
with worldly pleasures Allah (SWT)
gives the believers an opportunity,
or an answer hour if they can fight
sleep and invoke Allah (SWT) for
whatever they need. The Prophet
(SAW) said: 'There is at night an
hour, no Muslim happens to be
asking Allah any matter of this world
or the Hereafter, except that he will
be given it, and this (occurs) every night.'
[Muslim #757]

3. Between Adhan and Iqamah
Anas (RA) narrated that Allah’s
Messenger (SAW) said: 'A supplication
made between the Adhan and Iqama
is not rejected.'
[Ahmad, abu Dawud #521, at-Tirmidhi
#212, Sahih al-Jami #3408, an-Nasai
and Ibn Hibban graded it sahih (sound)]

4. An Hour On Friday
Narrated Abu Hurairah (RA): Allah’s
Messenger (SAW) talked about Friday
and said: 'There is an hour on Friday
and if a Muslim gets it while offering Salat
(prayer) and asks something from
Allah (SWT), then Allah (SWT) will definitely
meet his demand.' And he (the Prophet (SAW)
pointed out the shortness of that
particular time with his hands.
[Sahih al-Bukhari]

Some have said that this hour is from
the time the Imam (prayer’s leader)
enters the mosque on Friday’s prayer
until the prayer is over (ie between the
two khutbahs), whereas others have
said that it is the last hour of the day
(ie after the Asr prayer until the
Maghrib prayer).

5. While Drinking Zamzam Water
Jaber (RA) narrated that Allah’s
Messenger (SAW) said: 'Zamzam
water is for what it is drunk for.'
[Ahmad 3: 357 and Ibn Majah #3062].
This means that when you drink Zamzam
water you may ask Allah (SWT) for anything
you like to gain or benefit from this water
such as healing from illness.... etc.

6. While Prostrating
Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated that
Allah’s Messenger (SAW), said:
'The nearest a slave can be to his Lord
is when he is prostrating, so invoke
(supplicate) Allah (SWT) much in it.
[Muslim, abu Dawud, an-Nasa'i and others,
Sahih al-Jami #1175]

When a Muslim is in his Salat (prayer)
he is facing Allah (SWT) and when
he prostrates he is the nearest
he can be to Allah (SWT) so it is
best to invoke Allah (SWT) at this time.
It is said that while in prostration,
one should not ask for worldy needs
(ie a nice car, a new job, etc),
but for the Hereafter.

7. When Waking Up at Night
Narrated Ubada Bin As-Samit that
Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said:
'Whomever wakes up at night and
says La ilaha illallahu wahdahu la
shrika lahu lahulmulku, wa lahul hamdu,
wa huwa ala kulli shai'in qadir.
Alhamdu lillahi, wa subhanallahi
wa la ilaha illallahu, wallah akbir,
wa la hawla wala quwata illa billah
(none has the right to be worshipped
but Allah (SWT) He is the only one who
has no partners. His is the kingdom and
all the praises are for Allah (SWT)
All the glories are for Allah (SWT)
And none has the right to be worshipped
but Allah (SWT) and Allah (SWT)
is the most Great and there is neither
might nor power except with Allah (SWT)
and then says, Allahumma ighfir li
(O Allah! Forgive me) or invokes Allah
(SWT), he will be responded to and
if he makes ablution and performs
Salat (prayer), his Salat (prayer) will
be accepted. [Sahih al-Bukhari]

8. At The End Of The Obligatory Salat:
Narrated Abu Omamah (RA): that
Allah’s Messenger (SAW) was asked,
O Messenger of Allah, which supplication
is heard (by Allah (SWT), he said the end
of the night and at the end of the obligatory
Salat (prayer) [at-Tirmidhi].
This time is after saying 'At-tahyat' ,
and before making Tasleem (finishing prayer)

9. The Night Of 'Qadr' (Decree)
This night is the greatest night of the year.
This is the night which the almighty
Allah (SWT) said about it,
"The night of Al-Qadar (Decree) is better
than a thousand months." [Surah al-Qadr, 97: 3]

The Night of Decree is one of the odd
nights of the last ten nights of the blessed
month of Ramadan. The angels descend
down to the earth, and the earth is
overwhelmed with peace and serenity
until the break of dawn and when he
doors of Paradise are opened, the
worshipper is encouraged to turn to Allah
to ask for his needs for this world
and the Hereafter.

10. During The Rain
Narrated Sahel Ibn Sa'ad (RA):
that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said:
'Two will not be rejected,
Supplication when the Adhan
(call of prayer) is being called,
and at the time of the rain'.
[Al-Hakim 2: 114, and Abu Dawud
#2540, ibn Majah]

'Seek the response to your du'as
when the armies meet, and the prayer
is called, and when rain falls'
[reported by Imam al-Shafi' in al-Umm,
al-Sahihah #1469]. The time of the
rain is a time of mercy from Allah (SWT)
so, one should take advantage of
this time when Allah (SWT) is having
mercy on His slaves.

11. At the Adhan
'Seek the response to your du'as
when the armies meet, and the prayer
is called, and when rain falls'
[reported by Imam al-Shafi' in al-Umm,
al-Sahihah #1469]

In another hadith; 'When the prayer is
called, the doors of the skies are opened,
and the du'a is answered'
[al-Tayalisi in his Musnad #2106,
al-Sahihah #1413]

12. The One Who Is Suffering
Injustice and Opression
The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said
to Mua'ad Ibn Jabal (RA),
'Beware of the supplication of the
unjustly treated, because there is
no shelter or veil between it
(the supplication of the one who is
suffering injustice) and Allah (SWT)'
[Sahih Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

'The prophet (SAW) declared,
'Three men whose dua is
rejected (by Allah) are: the fasting
person until he breaks his fast
(in another narration,
when he breaks fast), the just ruler
and the one who is oppressed.
'[Ahmad, at-Tirmidhi - Hasan]'

It should be NOT rejected by Allah

The prophet (SAW) declared,
'Three men whose dua is
rejected (by Allah) are: the fasting
person until he breaks his fast
(in another narration,
when he breaks fast), the just ruler
and the one who is oppressed.
'[Ahmad, at-Tirmidhi - Hasan]

In another hadith; The Prophet (SAW)
declared: 'Three du'as are surely answered:
The du'a of the oppressed, the du'a
of the traveler, and the du'a of the
father/mother (upon their child)'.
The One who is suffering injustice
is heard by Allah (SWT) when he
invokes Allah (SWT) to retain his
rights from the unjust one or oppressor.
Allah (SWT) has sworn to help the one
who is suffering from injustice sooner
or later as the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said.

13. The Traveler
The Messenger of Allah
(SAW) said; Three supplications
will not be rejected (by Allah (SWT)),
the supplication of the parent for his child,
the supplication of the one who is fasting,
and the supplication of the traveler.
[al-Bayhaqi, at-Tirmidhi - Sahih]

During travel supplication is heard by
Allah (SWT) if the trip is for a good reason,
but if the trip is for a bad intention
or to perform illegal things (making sins)
this will not apply to it.

14. The Parent's Supplication for their Child
The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said;
Three supplications will not be rejected
(by Allah (SWT)), the supplication
of the parent for his child, the supplication
of the one who is fasting, and the
supplication of the traveler.
[al-Bayhaqi, at-Tirmidhi - Sahih]

15. Dua after praising Allah and
giving salat on the Prophet (SAW) in the
tashahhud at the end of salat.
Narrated Faddalah ibn Ubayd (RA):
that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said:
'When anyone of you makes du'a,
let him start by glorifying his Lord
and praising Him, then let him send
blessings upon the Prophet (SAW),
then let him pray for whatever he wants'
[abu Dawud #1481, at-Tirmidhi #3477]

In another hadith; Baqiy ibn Mukhallid
(RA) narrated that that the Messenger
of Allah (SAW) said: 'Every du'a is not
responded to until one sends
upon the Prophet (SAW)' [al-Bayhaqi]

In another hadith; Umar (RA) narrated
that the Prophet (SAW) said: 'Du'a is
detained between the heavens and
the earth and no part of it is taken up
until you send blessings upon
Prophet (SAW)' [at-Tirmidhi #486]

After a person has finished his tashahhud
and before saying the 'salam',
at this time is one likely to be responded to.
Ibn Mas'ud narrates: I was once praying,
and the Prophet (SAW), Abu Bakr and
(were all present). When I sat down
(in the final tashahhud), I praised Allah,
then sent salams on the Prophet,
then started praying for myself.
At this, the Prophet (SAW) said:
'Ask, and you shall be given it! Ask,
and you shall be given it!'
[at-Tirmidhi #593 - hasan,
Mishkat al-Misbah #931]

16. The dua of a Muslim for his absent
brother or sister Muslim stemming from the heart.
The prophet (SAW) said:
'There is no believing servant who
supplicates for his brother in his
absence where the angels do not say,
'the same be for you'' [Muslim]

17. Dua on the Day of Arafat
The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said:
'The best supplication is the supplication
on the day of Arafat'. [at-Tirmidhi and Malik]

The day of Arafat is the essence
and pinnacle of Hajj. On this great
and momentous day, millions of worshippers
gather together on one plain, from every
corner of the world, with only one purpose
in mind - to respone to the call of their Creator.
During this auspicious day, Allah does
not refuse the requests of His worshippers.

18. Dua during the month of Ramadan

Ramadan is month full of many blessings,
thus the du'a of Ramadan is a blessed one.
This can be inferred from the
Prophet (SAW) saying: 'When Ramadan comes,
the Doors of Mercy
(another narration says Paradise) are opened,
and the doors of Hell are closed,
and the Shaitans are locked up'
Thus, it is clear that du'a during Ramadan
has a greater chance of being accepted,
as the Gates of Paradise and Mercy are opened.
[Sahih al-Bukhari #1899, Muslim #1079 and others]

19. Dua when the Armies meet
When the Muslim is facing the enemy
in battle, at this critical period,
the du'a of a worshipper is accepted.

Sahl ibn Sa'd (RA) narrtaed the the
Prophet (SAW) said: 'Two duas are never rejected,
or rarely rejected: the du'a during the
call for prayer, and the du'a during the
clamity when the two armies attack each other'
[Abu Dawud #2540, ibn Majah, al-Hakim]

20. When Muslims gather for the
purpose of invoking and remembering
Allah (Dhikrullah).

The Prophet (SAW) said: If a group
of people sit together remembering Allah,
the angels will circle them, mercy
will shroud them, peace will descend
onto them and Allah will remember
them among those with Him. [Muslim]

21. First Ten days of Dhul-Hijjah
The Prophet (SAW) said:
'There are no days during which good
deeds are more beloved to Allah
than during these ten days'
[Sahih al-Bukhai #969 and others]

22. Dua when the heart reaches
out to Allah and is ready to be totally sincere

23. At Midnight

Abu Umamah (RA) said,
the Prophet (SAW) was questioned;
'Which du'a is heard (by Allah)?'
He answered, 'At midnight and at the
end of every obligatory prayer.
' [at-Tirmidhi - Hasan]

25. Dua of people after the death of a person

In a long hadith, Umm Salamah (RA)
narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said,
when Abu Salamah had just passed away,
and had closed his eyes, 'Do not ask
for yourselves anything but good,
for the angels will say 'Ameen' to all
that you ask for. O Allah, forgive Abu Salamah,
and raise his ranks among those
who are guided.'
[Muslim, abu Dawud, Ahmad]

26. Dua of the one fasting until
he breaks his fast.

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said;
Three supplications will not be
rejected (by Allah (SWT)), the supplication
of the parent for his child, the
supplication of the one who is fasting,
and the supplication of the traveler.
[al-Bayhaqi, at-Tirmidhi - Sahih]

27. Dua of the one fasting at the
time of breaking fast

The prophet (SAW) declared,
'Three men whose dua is never rejected
(by Allah) are: when a fasting person
breaks fast (in another narration,
the fasting person until he breaks his fast),
the just ruler and the one
who is oppressed.
'[Ahmad, at-Tirmidhi - Hasan]

29. Dua of a justice Ruler

The prophet (SAW) declared,
'Three men whose dua is never rejected
(by Allah) are: the fasting person
until he breaks his fast
(in another narration,
when he breaks fast),
the just ruler and the one
who is oppressed.
'[Ahmad, at-Tirmidhi - Hasan]

30. Dua of a son or daughter
obedient to his or her parents

It is well known in the story
narrated in hadith os three men
who were trapped by a huge stone in a cave.
One of them who was kind to his parents
asked Allah to remove the stone,
and his du'a was answered.
[Sahih al-Bukhari 3:36 #472]

31. Dua immediately after wudu

Umar ibn Al-Khattab reported
that the Prophet (SAW) said:
'There is not one of you that makes wudu,
and does it perfectly, then says:
I testify that there is no diety worthy
of worship except Allah. he is Alone,
having no partners.
And I bear witness that Muhammad is His
slave and messenger',
except that the eight gates of Paradise
are opened for him, and he can enter
into it through whichever one he pleases'
[Muslim #234, abu Dawud #162,
Ahmad, an-Nasa'i] Saying
what has been mentioned in the hadith
that is directly related to it (ablution)

32. Dua after stoning the Jamarat at Hajj

The stoning of the small Shaitan
(jamrat sugra), or the middle Shaitan
(jamrat wusta) pillars during Hajj.
It is narrated that the Prophet (SAW)
would stone the small Jamarah
(one of the three pillars that is
stoned in the last days of Hajj),
then face the qiblah, raise his hands,
and make du'a for a long time.
He would then stone the middle
Jamarah and do the same.
When he stoned the large Jamarah,
he would depart without making any
du'a. [Sahih al-Bukhari
#1753 and others]

33. At the Crowing of a Rooster

Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated
that the Prophet (SAW) said:
'When you hear a rooster crowing,
then ask Allah for His bounties,
for it has seen an angel, and
when you hear a donkey braying,
then seek refuge in Allah from Shaitan,
for it has seen a Shaitan'
[Sahih al-Bukhari, Muslim,
Ahmad, Sahih al-Jami #611]

34. Du'a made inside the Ka'bah
The Ka'bah is a sanctuary that has
no comparison in the entire world.
The du'a of one who prays inside
the hijr is considered as being made
inside the ka'bah, as it is part
of the house (Baitullah).
[This is the semicircle to the right
of the Ka'bah if you face the door,
opposite to the Yemeni corner
and the Black stone wall.]

Usamah ibn Zayd narrated,
'When the Prophet (SAW) entered
the House (Ka'bah), he made du'a in
all of its corners
[Muslim 2: 968 and others]

35. Du'a on the mount of Safa
or Marwah during Umrah or Hajj

It is narrated that the Prophet (SAW)
would make long du'as at
Safa and Marwah.
[Muslim #1218 and others]

36. Dua at any of the holy sites.

37. While reciting Surah al-Fatihah

The Prophet (SAW) said that
Allah the Exalted had said:
'I have divided the prayer into
two halves between Me and My servant,
and My servant will receive
what he asks for. When the servant says:
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the universe,
Allah the Most High says:
My servant has praised Me.
And when he (the servant) says:
The Most Compassionate, the Merciful,
Allah the Most High says:
My servant has lauded Me. When he
(the servant) says: Master of the Day
of Judgment, He remarks:
My servant has glorified Me,
and sometimes He will say:
My servant entrusted (his affairs) to Me.
When he (the worshipper) says:
Thee do we worship and of
Thee do we ask help, He (Allah) says:
This is between Me and My servant,
and My servant will receive what he asks for
. Then, when he (the worshipper) says:
Guide us to the straight path,
the path of those to whom
Thou hast been Gracious --
not of those who have incurred
Thy displeasure, nor of those who have
gone astray, He (Allah) says:
This is for My servant, and
My servant will receive what he asks for.
[Muslim 4: 395]

38. Saying 'Ameen' during prayer

After finishing the recitation of al-Fatihah,
the saying of'Ameen' in congregation.
The Prophet (SAW) said:
'When the Imam says 'Ameen',
then recite it behind him (as well),
because whoever's Ameen coincides
with the Ameen of the angels
will have all of his sins forgiven.'
[Sahih al-Bukhari #780,

Muslim #410 and others]

39. While visiting the sick,
and dua made by the sick

Umm Salamah narrated that
the Prophet (SAW) said: 'When you
visit the sick, or the dead then say good,
because the angels say 'Ameen'
to whatever you say [Muslim #2126]

Ali (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW)
said: 'When a Muslim visits his sick
Muslim brother in the morning,
seventy thousand angels make dua
for his forgiveness till the evening.
And when he visits him in the evening,
seventy thousand angels make dua for
his forgiveness till the morning, and
he will be granted a garden for it in Jannah.'

[at-Tirmidhi, abu Dawud]

Friday, May 29, 2009



Cats and Islam

--> -->Islam faith and cats – Arabs in the 7th century believed that the cat was pure spirited. Pre-Islamic Arabs are said to have worshipped a Golden Cat.
The Prophet Muhammad (s) was tender and kind towards cats. He appreciated cats. Muhammad’s (s) favorite cat was called Muezza. There is a well known story regarding the Prophet Muhammad (s) and Muezza.
When the call to prayers was heard, Muezza was asleep on one of the sleeves of the Prophet’s (s) robes. The Prophet (s) wanted to wear the robe to go to prayers. Rather than disturb Muezza, Muhammad (s) cut off the sleeve to leave Muezza in peace. Prophet (s) then stroked the cat three times, which, it is said, granted Muezza seven lives and the ability to land on his feet at all times (as you might know, cats have a self-righting mechanism,a righting reflex, which is a complex series of movements when a cat falls and which protects the cat from breaking her back).
Prophet (s) was so attached to his cat that when he gave sermons he let Muezza rest on his lap and he also drank from water previously drunk by his cat. He also did his ablutions from the same water that was drunk by a cat. He seemed to treat his cat in the same way as cat lovers do today but even cat lovers might think twice about drinking the same water that had been drunk by a cat for fear of transmission of disease from the cat’s saliva (but see below).
Islam teaches Muslims to treat cats well and that the cat is a creature to be cherished and loved. Mistreating a cat is regarded as a severe sin in Islam.
Cats according to the Qur`an and Sunnah
An example as to how Muslims are punished for mistreating cats can be found in the `ahadith (oral traditions telling the story of the Prophet Mohammed (s) and which have been recorded in writing). When a woman kept a cat locked up and failed to feed the cat until the cat died, the woman was tortured and "put to hell.”
It is believed that you will suffer no harm if you drink from the cat’s water provided no impurities are seen in the cat’s mouth. In another story from the `ahadith, it is stated that a when a cat ate a pudding put down during prayers, the person who was in charge of the pudding ate from the same place as the cat and Prophet (s) said this was alright as the cat is not unclean and is "one of those who go around amongst us".
Islam teaches Muslims that, in relation to a cat:
  • the cat should not be sold for money or other traded goods
  • cats saliva is harmless unless the cat has "visible impurities" in the mouth
  • that Muslims are free to live with cats but they must treat cats well, providing the cat with enough water and food and giving "roaming time" (a degree of freedom of movement)
Bukhari’s authentic hadith is one of the six major Sunni hadith collections (Wikipedia). Muslims see this hadith as the most trusted collection; many would say the most authoritative book after the Qur`an.
This hadith regarding cats is set out in Volume 3, Book 40, Number 552. The story of the women mentioned above is recited. It seems that the woman was scratched by the cat and to punish the cat she imprisoned it and failed to feed it. Her actions were frowned upon and she was duly punished.
Islam’s teachings in relation to cats indicates a gentle approach to our fellow creatures, including humans!

உண்பதற்குத் தடை செய்யப் பட்ட பூனை தண்ணீரில் வாய் வைத்து விட்டால் அந்தத் தண்ணீர் அசுத்தமாகி விடுமா? என்று நபிகள் நாயகம் (ஸல்) அவர்கள் விளக்கும் போது, "பூனைகள் அசுத்தமானவை அல்ல! அவை உங்களைச் சுற்றி வரக் கூடியவை'' என்று விடையளித்தார்கள்.

ஆதாரம்: திர்மிதீ 85, நஸயீ 67, அபூதாவூத் 68, இப்னுமாஜா 361, அஹ்மத் 21490, 21535, 21586, முஅத்தா 38, தாரமீ 729

10 Ways to Get Your Cat to Drink More Water


வெளியில் புறப்படும் போது குறுக்கே பூனை வந்தால், சகுனம் சரியில்லை.

இது பல்லாண்டு காலமாக சொல்ல பட்டு வரும் ஒரு பழைய வியாக்கானம். இது சொல்ல பட்ட காலம் மிகவும் முக்கியமான ஒன்று. அது மக்கள் இன்னுமும் காட்டை அண்டி அதை சார்ந்து வாழ்ந்து கொண்டிருந்த காலம். இன்னொன்று இதில் சொல்ல பட்ட பூனை உண்மையாகவே பூனையைதான் குறிக்கிறதா என்ற கேள்வி நிறைய பேருக்கு தெரிந்திருக்க நியாயமில்லைதான். அக்கால மக்கள் எதையும் இலைமறை காயாக சொல்லித்தான் இன்பம் புசிப்பார்கள். சரி இப்போது கருத்துக்கு வருவோம்.

அக்கால மக்கள் காட்டை சார்ந்து வாழ்ந்து வந்ததால் சரியான பாதுகாப்பு இன்றி இயற்கை மாற்றங்களையும் சுற்று சூழலில் ஏற்படும் மாற்றங்களியும் வைத்து தான் வாழ்க்கையை ஓட்டி கொண்டிருந்தனர். ஆக பூனை வகையை சார்ந்த புலி, சிறுத்தை என பெரிய பூனைகளின் நடமாட்டமும் இருந்திருக்கிறது. புலி, சிறுத்தை போன்றவை இயல்பாகவே சாலையையோ நடைபாதையையோ அல்லது மனித நடமாட்டங்கள் உள்ள பகுதிகளையோ கடக்க நேரிட்டால் பதுங்கி தாக்க கூடியவை. இப்படி இவை கடந்து போகும் நேரமும் நாம் வெளியில் புறப்படும் நேரமும் எதிர்பாராத வகையில் ஒன்றாக அமைந்து விட்டால் அது உயிருக்கே ஆபத்தை விளைவிக்க கூடும்.

வெளியில் செல்லும் போது குறுக்கே எதிர்படும் இப்பெரிய வகை பூனைகள் நாம் வரும் வரை புதர் மறைவில் காத்திருந்து நம்மை தாக்கலாம் அல்லது நமது இருப்பிடத்தையோ அதில் இருப்போரையோ தாக்கலாம். எனவே இது முழுக்க முழுக்க கெடுதலான ஒரு விஷயம். எனவே ஒட்டு மொத்தமாக சகுனம் என கூறப்பட்டது. எனவே எதிர்பாராத விதமாக வெளியில் போகும் போது இவை அதாவது புலி அல்லது சிறுத்தை போன்ற பெரிய பூனை வகைகள் குறுக்கே எதிர்ப்பட்டால் செல்லும் காரியத்தை ரத்து செய்து விட்டு வீட்டுக்கு சென்று பாதுகாப்பை தேடி கொள்ளுங்கள் என சொல்லாமல் சொல்லப்பட்டது.இந்த விஷயம் அந்த காலக்கட்டத்தில் சரியான அறிவான சமயோதிதமான ஒரு கருத்து.

ஆனால் இன்றைய கால கட்டத்தில் இந்த கருத்து நாம் வாழும் நகர வாழ்வின் நடைமுறைக்கு சரியான ஒன்றா? சிறிது சிந்திக்க வேண்டிய ஒன்று. அன்று பூனை என சொல்லபட்டவை இன்று நாம் காணும் குட்டி பூனைகளும் வீட்டு பூனைகளும் என தவறாக கணிக்க பட்டு விட்டன.

எனக்கு தெரிந்து எந்த வீட்டு பூனையும் மனிதனை கொன்றதாக நான் கேள்வி பட்டது இல்லை. ஒரு கால் நாம் வெளியே போகும் போது இந்த குட்டி பூனைகளும் வீட்டு பூனைகளும் எதிர்பட்டால் பாவம் அவற்ருக்கு தான் சகுனம் சரியில்லை. காரணம் காரின் சக்கரங்களில் மிதிபட்டு அவை உயிர் இழக்க கூடும்.

ஆனால் பாருங்கள் நம் மக்களின் சிந்திக்கும் திறனை. பூனை என்று சொன்னதுமே எதையும் யோசிக்காமல் தினசரி காணும் பூனைகளின் மீது பழி போட்டு கொஞ்சம் மூடநம்பிக்கையை நீரூற்றி வளர்த்து வைத்திருக்கின்றனர். இதனால் எவ்வளவு இழப்பு ஏற்பட வாய்ப்புண்டு அல்லவா!. எனவே பூனைகள் குறுக்கே போவது ஒன்றும் பாதகமில்லை. ஆனால் கண்முடிதனமாக இதன் உட்கருத்தை அறியாமல் பின்பற்றுகிறோமே இந்த மூடதனத்தால் பெரிய பாதகம்.

 ஆக இனிமேலாவது பூனைக்கு ஹை சொல்லி காரியத்தை தொடங்குவோம். தொடரும்


Allah says:
“It is only those who
have knowledge among
Allah's servants who fear Him.”
[ Sûrah Fâtir : 28]

Abû Dharr al-Ghifârî and
Mu`âdh b, Jabal relate that the
Prophet (pbuh) said:

“Fear Allah wherever you are.
Follow up a bad deed with a good deed and it will blot it out. And deal with people in a good manner.”
[ Sunan al-Tirmidhî ]




Abu Darda (may Allah have mercy on him) was one of those people who found an opportunity to win what is greater than the heavens and the earth. There was a companion of the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) who cultivated his garden next to the property of an orphan. The orphan claimed that a specific palm tree was on his property and therefore belonged to him. The companion rejected the claim, so the orphan boy went to the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) to complain. The Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) measured the two gardens and found that the palm tree did indeed belong to the companion. The orphan erupted crying. Seeing this, the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) asked the companion, “Would you give him the palm tree and for you is a palm tree in Jannah?” However, the companion in his disbelief that an orphan would complain to the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam), missed the opportunity and went away angry.

But someone else saw the opportunity – Abu Darda (radi Allahu anhu). He went to the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) and asked, “Ya RasulAllah, if I buy the tree from him and give it to the orphan shall I have that tree in Jannah?”

The Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) replied, “Yes.”

Abu Darda (radi Allahu anhu) had chased after the companion and asked, “Would you sell that tree to me for my entire garden?” (Abu Darda had a garden of 600 trees)

The companion answered, “Take it, for there is no good in a tree that was complained to the Prophet about.”

Immediately, Abu Darda (radi Allahu anhu) went home and found his wife and children playing in the garden. “Leave the garden!” shouted Abu Darda. “WE HAVE SOLD IT TO ALLAH! WE HAVE SOLD IT TO ALLAH!” Some of his children had dates in their hand and he snatched the dates from them and threw them back into the garden. “WE HAVE SOLD IT TO ALLAH!”

When Abu Darda was later martyred in the battle of Uhud, RasulAllah (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) stood over his slain body and remarked, “How many shady palm trees does Abu Darda now have in Paradise?”

What did Abu Darda lose? Dates? Bushes? Dirt? What did he gain? He gained a Jannah whose expanse is the heavens and the earth.

Subhan’Allah, how beautiful is this story, of one Sahabi who gave up everything he had, just to have one palm tree in Jannah. Allahu Akbar.


Quran Collection


The Holy Prophet Muhammad ( pbuh) said:

"A man marries a woman

for four reasons

1...For her property,

2...For her rank,

3..For her beauty,

4...For her religion

(and character)

So marry the one who is best in the

religion and character and prosper”.

(Bukhari and Muslim)

The Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said:

“Nikah (marriage) is my Sunna.

He who shuns my Sunna is not of me.”



The Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said:

"If Allah grants a Muslim a righteous wife, this helps him preserve half of his religion (faith). He should, therefore, fear Allah as regards the other half."

( Marriage quotes from At-Tabarani and Al-Hakim)



People, it is true that you have certain rights over your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under God's trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Treat your women well and be kind to them, for they are your partners and committed helpers. It is your right and they do not make friends with anyone of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste...>>>

In the name of Allah, The most Gracious, Most Merciful

Supplication DUA said to the newlywed

May Allaah bless for you (your spouse) and bless you, and may He unite both of you in (Khair) goodness.

Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:

The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said,

"If anyone intends to have (sexual intercourse) with his wife, he should say: "

Bismillah! Allahumma janibnash-Shaitana,

wa jannibish-Shaitana ma razaqtana

(In the Name of Allah, O Allah! Keep us away from Satan

and keep Satan away from what You have bestowed upon us);

' and if Allah has ordained a child for them, Satan will never harm him.''

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: One should recite the prayer mentioned in this Hadith before one cohabits with his wife. This will save him and his offspring from the evil effect of Satan. But it must be borne in mind that this prayer is to be recited before the intercourse and not during it


Marriage and divorce

There are two types of marriage mentioned in the Qur'an: nikah and nikah mut‘ah. The first is more common; it aims to be permanent, but can be terminated by the husband in the talaq process or by the wife seeking divorce. In nikah the couples inherit from each other. A legal contract is signed when entering the marriage. The husband must pay for the wife's expenses. In Sunni jurisprudence, the contract is void if there is a determined divorce date in the nikah, whereas, in Shia jurisprudence, nikah contracts with determined divorce dates are transformed in nikah mut'ah. For the contract to be valid there must be two witnesses under Sunni jurisprudence. There is no witness requirement for Shia contracts.

Nikah mut'ah is considered haraam (forbidden) by Sunni Muslims. It means "marriage for pleasure". Under Shia jurisprudence a nikah mut'ah is the second form of marriage recognized by the Shia. It is a fixed term marriage, which is a marriage with a preset duration, after which the marriage is automatically dissolved. There is controversy about the Islamic legality of this type of marriage, since Sunnis believe it was abrogated by Muhammad, while Shias believe it was forbidden by Umar and hence that ban may be ignored since Umar had no authority to do so. The Qur'an itself doesn't mention any cancellation of the institution. Nikah mut'ah sometimes has a preset time period to the marriage, traditionally the couple do not inherit from each other, the man usually is not responsible for the economic welfare of the woman, and she usually may leave her home at her own discretion. Nikah mut'ah also does not count towards a maximum of wives (four according to the Qur'an). The woman still is given her mahr, and the woman must still observe the iddah, a period of four months at the end of the marriage where she is not permitted to remarry in the case she may have become pregnant before the divorce took place. This maintains the proper lineage of children.

Requirements for Islamic Marriages:

  • These are guidelines; Islamic law on divorce is different depending on the school of thought.[127]
  • The man who is not currently a fornicator can only marry a woman who is not currently a fornicatress or a chaste woman from the people of the Book.
  • The woman who is not currently a fornicatress can only marry a man who is not currently a fornicator.
  • The fornicator can only marry a fornicatress – and vice versa.
  • The Muslim woman can only marry a Muslim man.
  • The guardian may choose a suitable partner for a virgin girl, but the girl is free to contest and has the right to say 'no'.
  • The guardian cannot marry the divorced woman or the widow if she didn't ask to be married.
  • It is obligatory for a man to give bride wealth (gifts) to the woman he marries – "Do not marry unless you give your wife something that is her right."[127]
  • A woman who wishes to be divorced usually needs the consent of her husband. However, most schools allow her to obtain a divorce without her husband's consent if she can show the judge that her husband is impotent. If the husband consents she does not have to pay back the dower.[citation needed]
  • Men have the right of unilateral divorce. A divorce is effective when the man tells his wife that he is divorcing her. At this point the husband must pay the wife the "delayed" component of the dower.
  • A divorced woman of reproductive age must wait four months and ten days before marrying again to ensure that she is not pregnant. Her ex-husband should support her financially during this period.[citation needed]
  • If a man divorces his wife three times, he can no longer marry her again unless she marries another man, and if they got divorced (only in a way that this divorce is not intended for the woman to re-marry her first husband) the woman could re-marry her first husband.[citation needed]

Several hadith urge strongly against beating one's wife, such as: "How does anyone of you beat his wife as he beats the stallion camel and then embrace (sleep with) her? (Muhammad al-Bukhari, English Translation, vol. 8, hadith 68, pp. 42-43), "I went to the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) and asked him: What do you say (command) about our wives? He replied: Give them food what you have for yourself, and clothe them by which you clothe yourself, and do not beat them, and do not revile them. (Sunan Abi Dawood, Book 11, Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah), Number 2139)". Others hadiths do indicate that husbands have a right to discipline their wives in a civilized manner to a certain extent:

Fear Allah concerning women! Verily you have taken them on the security of Allah, and intercourse with them has been made lawful unto you by words of Allah. You too have right over them, and that they should not allow anyone to sit on your bed whom you do not like. But if they do that, you can chastise them but not severely. Their rights upon you are that you should provide them with food and clothing in a fitting manner. (Narrated in Sahih Muslim, on the authority of Jabir ibn Abd-Allah.)


According to Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi, head of the European Council for Fatwa and Research:

If the husband senses that feelings of disobedience and rebelliousness are rising against him in his wife, he should try his best to rectify her attitude by kind words, gentle persuasion and reasoning with her. If this is not helpful, he should sleep apart from her, trying to awaken her agreeable feminine nature so that serenity may be restored, and she may respond to him in a harmonious fashion. If this approach fails, it is permissible for him to smack her lightly with his hands, avoiding her face and other sensitive parts. In no case should he resort to using a stick or any other instrument that might cause pain and injury.





On AWAKENING rub face and eyes with the palms of hands in order to remove the effects of sleep.
When the eyes open in the morning say "Alhamdulillah" thrice and then recite Kalimah-e-Tayyibah.
Thereafter recite DUA on AWAKENING.
On AWAKENING cleanse the mouth with a meswak.

"Shuraih (R) narrates that he asked Aisha (R): 'What was the first thing Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) did upon entering the house?' Aisha (R) replied: 'Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) would use the Miswaak'." (MUSLIM)

Times when usage of Miswaak is Sunnah:

1. For the recitation of the Qur'an.
2. For the recitation of Hadith.
3. When the mouth emits and odor.
4. For the learning or teaching of virtues of Islaam.
5. For making Dhikrullah (Remebrance of Allah, meditation).
6. After entering ones home.
7. Before entering any good gathering.
8. When experiencing pangs of hunger and thirst.
9. After the signs of death are evident.
10. At the time of Sehri.
11. Before meals.
12. Before undertaking a journey.
13. On returning from a journey.
14. Before sleeping.
15. Upon awakening.
Miswaak Quick View of Benefits: Advantages of Miswaak:

1. Miswaak strengthens the gums and prevents tooth decay.
2. Miswaak assists in eliminating toothaches and prevents further increase of decay which has already set in.
3. Miswaak creates a fragrance in the mouth.
4. Miswaak is a cure for illness.
5. Miswaak eliminates bad odors and improves the sense of taste.
6. Miswaak sharpens the memory.
7. Miswaak is a cure for headaches.
8. Miswaak creates lustre (noor) on the face of the one who continually uses it.
9. Miswaak causes the teeth to glow.
10. Miswaak strengthens the eyesight.
11. Miswaak assists in digestion.
12. Miswaak clears the voice.
13. The greatest benefit of using miswaak is gaining the pleasure of Allah.
14. The reward of Salaah (Prayers) is multiplied 70 times if Miswaak was used before it.


Sunnahs when wearing CLOTHES:
RasoolAllah (SalallahuAlaihiWaSallam) loved white clothing.
When putting on any garment RasoolAllah(SalallahuAlaihiWaSallam) always began with the right limb.
When removing any garment RasoolAllah(SalallahuAlaihiWaSallam) always removed the left limb first.
Males must wear the clothes above the ankles and females must ensure that their lower garments cover their ankles.
Males should wear a topi or turban and females must wear scarves at all times.
When wearing shoes first wear the right shoe then left and while removing first remove left and then right.
    Play like the Prophet (PBUH)
    The Prophet (PBUH) understood the importance of fun and games. He would race with his wife Aisha who used to beat him most of the time, may God be pleased with her. He would swim and wrestle with his Companions. He would joke with them too. He played with and loved children. Muslims mustn’t forget this aspect of his life. Race with your spouse in your backyard; set up a swimming pool for the kids; Give your children time and smiles.
Sunnahs about EATING :
Wash both hands before EATING.
Before EATING spread out a cloth on the floor first.
Remove the shoes before EATING.
Sit on the floor and EAT.
Recite "Bismillah wa`la Barakatillah" aloud.
EAT with the right hand.
EAT with three fingers if possible.
One should not EAT very hot food/do not BLOW on food.
EAT from the side which is front of you.
If a morsel of food falls down pick it up, clean it and EAT it.
Do not lean while EATING.
Do not find fault with the food.
Either sit on both knees on the ground or one knee raised or both knees raised while EATING.
After EATING one should lick his fingers.
Recite DUA after EATING.
First remove the food then get up.
Clean the plate and other utensils thoroughly after EATING.
By doing this the utensils make DUA for one` s forgiveness.
After meals wash both the hands, thereafter gargle the mouth.
While EATING shouldn`t remain completely silent.
cleanse the mouth with a meswak.
Sunnahs about DRINKING:
A Muslim should DRINK with right hand because SHAITAN (satan) drinks with left hand.
Sit and DRINK.
Recite "Bismillah" before DRINKING and say "Alhamdulillah" after DRINKING.
DRINK in three breaths and remove utensil from mouth after each sip.
Do not DRINK directly from the jug or bottle one should pour the content into the glass first and have a look at water and then DRINK.

தண்ணீர் குடிப்பதால்

12/16/2009 4:16:39 PM
தண்ணீர் குடிக்கும் போது உட்கார்ந்து குடிக்க வேண்டும். ஏனென்றால் நின்று கொண்டு தண்ணீரை குடிக்கும் போது தண்ணீர் வயிற்றிற்கு அதி வேகமாக செல்லும். அதனால் ஹெர்னியா ஏற்படும்.

தண்ணீர் அதிகமாக குடித்தால் முகப் பருக்கள் நீங்கும்; முகம் பளபளக்க செய்யும்.

தண்ணீர் குடிக்கும் போது குடிக்கும் பாத்திரத்தில் மூச்சு விடக்கூடாது. ஏனெனில் நாம் மூச்சு விடும் போது வெளியாகும் கிருமிகள் அந்த தண்ணீரில் சேர்ந்துவிடுகிறது. அதனை குடிக்கும் போது நோய் ஏற்படுகிறது.

தினமும் காலையில் வெறுவயிற்றுடன் தண்ணீர் குடிப்பதால் சர்க்கரை நோயை கட்டுப்பதுத்தலாம்.

தண்ணீர் குடித்தால் காது வலி வருமா ?

கடந்த சில ஆண்டுகளாக, வெள்ளக்காடாகச் சூழ்ந்து விடுகின்ற மழைத்தண்ணீர் சலிப்பை உண்டாக்கியிருந்தாலும், உடல் ஆரோக்கியத்திற்குத் தண்ணீர் அன்றாடம் இரண்டு லிட்டர் குடிக்க வேண்டும் என்பது அவசியம். அதைப் பருகும் விதம் எப்படி என்பது இதோ இங்கே கூறப்படுவது சரிதானோ என்று யோசிக்க வைக்கின்றது.

டம்ளர் கணக்கில் தண்ணீர் குடியுங்கள் என்று கூறப்படுகிறது. எப்படிக் குடிக்க வேண்டும் ?

தண்ணீரை, டம்ளரில் நன்றாக வாய் வைத்துக் குடிக்க வேண்டும். அவசரமின்றி மெதுவாகக் குடிக்க வேண்டும். வாய் நிறைய தண்ணீரை வைத்திருந்து கொஞ்சம், கொஞ்சமாக வயிற்றுக்குள் இறக்குதல் வேண்டும். அப்பொழுது எச்சிலுடன் குதப்பி தண்ணீரை வயிற்றில் இறக்குவது உண்ட உணவு ஜீரணிக்கும்.

டம்ளரில் வாய்வைத்துக் குடித்தால், காதில் வருகிற நோய்கள் தள்ளிப் போகும். தண்ணீரைத் தலை அண்ணாந்திச் சாப்பிடுவது காது நோய்களுக்கு வழிவகுக்கும்.

தண்ணீரை அண்ணாத்திக் குடித்தததால் ஏற்பட்ட பாதிப்பால் சிலருக்கு விரைந்து காது நோய்கள் தோன்றுகின்றன. நமது உடம்பில் காது,மூக்கு,தொண்டை வழிகள் ஒரே பாதையில் அடுத்தடுத்து உள்ளன. ஒருபோதும் தண்ணீரை அண்ணாத்திக் குடிக்க வேண்டாம்.
Rasulullah SallAllahu alaihi wasallam also instructed Ali RadhiAllahu anhu to perform five acts every night before going to bed.

1. Give 4,000 dinaar, gold coins, as Sadaqah

2. Read the Qur’an Shareef once.

3. Pay the price of Jannah.

4. Reconcile two fighting persons.

5. Perform Hajj.

Ali RadhiAllahu anhu said: Ya Rasulullah SallAllahu alaihi wasallam, this is difficult for me. I will not be able to do that. Whereupon Rasulullah SallAllahu alaihi wasallam replied:

1. Recite Surah Fatiha 4 times and the reward for giving 4,000 dinaar will be recorded in your Book of Deeds.

2. Recite Surah Ikhlas 3 times, and this will be equal to the reward of reciting one Qur’an Shareef.

3. Recite Durood Shareef 3 times, and this will be the reward of paying the price of Jannah.

4. Recite Astaghfirullah 10 times and you will receive the reward of reconciling two fighting persons.

5. Recite the third Kalimah 4 times to receive the reward of performing one Hajj.

On hearing this Ali RadhiAllahu anhu said, Insha’Allah I will perform these acts every day before going to bed.
Sunnahs about SLEEPING:
Pertaining to DEEN before going to sleep discuss matters of family members or (read some Islamic books or narrate some incidents of sahabah).
To sleep in the state of WUZU (Ablution).
To make the bed yourself.
Dust the bed thrice before retiring to bed.
One should change some other clothes before going to sleep. (Ex:-Pyjamas, etc).
To brush the teeth with a meswak.
To apply surmah in both the eyes.
One should sleep immediately after ISHA salaah.
To sleep on the right hand side keeping right palm under the right cheek.
To keep the knees slightly bent when sleeping.
To refrain from sleeping on one`s stomach.
Sleeping both on bed and floor are sunnah.
To face Qiblah.
To recite Surah Mulk before sleeping.
To recite Aayat-Al-kursi.
To recite Surah Iqlaas, Surah Falaq and Surah Naas three times before sleeping thereafter blowing over the entire body thrice.
Recite Tasbeeh-e-Fatima before sleeping i.e 33 X Subhan`Allah, 33X Alhamdulillah and 34 X Allahu`Akber.
To recite the DUA before sleeping.
To wake up for Tahajjud salaah.
Istinjaa - Bathroom Etiquette

Istinjaa: to remove the dirt, Najasah (impure substances) or lessen them after urinating. Wajib (compulsory), according to the prophet's Hadiths mentioned below.
The tools used for Istinjaa
Are either pure water, and this is the origin of all purification from Najasah, and all solid materials that can remove the dirt, like stones or paper tissues.
It is better to use BOTH (water & solid materials), but if only one is available then the priority is given to water.  If water is not available, then we use the solid material, under the following conditions: It must be dry material (not moisture), it must be used to remove the Najasah or dirt before it gets dry, the Najasah should not have touched other parts rather than the related organs, and the pieces should not be less than three pieces of the solid material being used, or more when needed, and one better make it in odd numbers (Witr): 3, 5, 7 ...etc.
"No one shall make "Estinjaa" without using three stones" (Muslim: 2622)

Materials not to be used for Istinjaa
1- We (obviously) should not use anything that is originally Najis (impure)..
The prophet SAAWS asked his servant (Abdullah Ibn Masood) to bring him three stones for "Estinja", Ibn Masood RAA only found two stones so he brought him a piece of animal's droppings (dung) that was dry.  When the prophet saw it, he threw it away and said that it is Najasah (impure). (Bukhary: 155)
2- We can not use any human's food for this purpose, neither we can use a Jinn's food (like bones) for "Estinja"
"Do not use bones for "Estinja"; they are the food for your Jinn brothers" (Muslim: 450) and (Tirmidhy: 18)
3- It is forbidden to use any of the animals parts, like it's hand or legs ...etc.  But if this part was pure and separate from a dead animal, like the skin that is tanned, it can be used.

Rules with regards to the place
It is forbidden to do urinating or "Estinjaa" in the following places:
1- Places were people sit, gather or pass by, as this would cause hurt to others.
"The prophet SAAWS said: avoid the two cursed things.  They said: and what are the two cursed things?  He SAAWS said: whoever urinate in the roads people pass by, and under the shadows where they rest"  (Muslim: 269) and others.
2- In a hole in the ground or a hole in the wall, as it might cause him hurt that it might be a shelter for snakes or scorpions, or he might hurt other weak animals.
"The prophet SAAWS forbade us from urinating in burrows (hole in the ground)" (Abu Dawood: 29)
3- Under trees that have (or might have) fruits; as a protection for the fruits from dirt.
4- Shallow water (or water that is not running). (Muslim: 281)

Rules concerning the person himself
1- It is not allowed to carry anything that has Allah's name (or any of His holy names) with him to where he is urinating..  As this is considered to be a Najis (impure) place that is not appropriate to carry or mention Allah's name(s).
Also when a Muslim passed by the prophet SAAWS while he was in the Khala, he said the greeting (Salam) to the prophet, but he SAAWS did not answer his greeting.
2- He/she should enter "Al khala" or the bathroom with his/her left leg and say: "Allahomma Inny A'ootho Bika Mina 'l 'khobothi Wa 'l 'khaba'ith"   or: "O' Allah: I seek refuge in you from male and female noxious beings (devils or evil Jinn)"
He/she should go out with his/her right leg and say: "Ghof'ranak" or "O' Allah: I seek your forgiveness".  Also the prophet SAAWS used to say when going out: "Alhamdu Lillah, Allathy Afany Wa Akhraja Al Atha Minny"  or: "All grace to Allah (thanks to Allah) who protected (cured) me, and relieved me from filth/harm"
*I personally believe the last Dua'a is so important, as it is a big grace to be able to get relieved from the filth or harm..  we only feel it when we are sick!  so I guess it's so appropriate to thank Allah for this grace.
3- One should not talk.  It is not appropriate for a Muslim while urinating to talk or discuss matters.  Many scholars said it is "dislike" or "Makrooh".
4- One should move and hide himself from others, as the prophet SAAWS only relieved himself when he was out of site.
5- One should neither face nor turn his back to the "Qibla" while relieving himself. *This is actually what Islamic Housing designs should consider when building the bathrooms or toilets.
6- One should use his left hand for the cleaning after urinating "Estinjaa", as it is more appropriate.  It is Makrooh to use his right hand for this purpose or to touch his private parts with it.
"Salman was once asked: Your prophet teaches you everything, even how to relieve yourselves?
Salman said: Certainly.... he forbade us from facing the Qiblah while doing so, from cleaning ourselves with our right hand, and from cleaning ourselves with less than three stones.  We also should not use an impure substance or a bone to clean our selves" (Muslim, Abu Dawood and At-Tirmidhy)


Standing and Urinating in Islam>>>