Monday, September 26 @ 11:55:13 EESTwww.alnilin.com Left-handed women are more than twice as likely as right-handers to suffer from breast cancer before reaching menopause, Dutch scientists said on Monday.
More than a million women are diagnosed with breast cancer worldwide each year. Three-quarters of cases occur after menopause, which usually begins around the age of 50.
Researchers at the University Medical Center in Utrecht in the Netherlands speculate that there is a shared origin early in life for both left handedness and developing breast cancer, possibly exposure to hormones in the womb.
"Left handedness is associated with breast cancer, most specifically pre-menopausal breast cancer," said Cuno Uiterwaal, an assistant professor of clinical epidemiology at the university, in an interview.
He and his colleagues studied 12,000 healthy, middle-aged women born between 1932-1941 who were part of a breast screening program. The scientists determined their hand preference and followed up their medical history to see which women developed breast cancer.
"If we take pre-menopausal and post-menopausal breast cancer then there was a 40 percent increased risk," Uiterwaal said of left-handed women.
But when they spilled it further the scientists found most of the excess risk was in breast cancer before the menopause.
"We found that left-handed women are more than twice as likely to develop pre-menopausal breast cancer as non-left handed women," the researchers said in the report published online by the British Medical Journal.
Other risk factors such as family history of breast cancer, numbers of pregnancies, smoking habits, and social and economic status were considered.
About 8 percent to 9 percent of women are left-handed. But the scientists said the findings should not alarm them.
"What our study intends to do is focus on this area. We do not know all the causes of breast cancer, that is why we should continue. This may be one new factor that leads us to a better understanding of the aetiology (cause of the illness)," Uiterwaal added.
About 5 percent to 10 percent of breast cancers are hereditary. Most are due to mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes. The earlier the illness is diagnosed and treated, the better the prognosis is for the woman.
"Although the underlying mechanisms remain elusive, our results support the hypothesis that left handedness is related to increased risk of breast cancer," the researchers added.
WHY PHOTO HARAM IN ISLAM
The basic principle concerning making pictures of any animate being, whether it is a human or any animal, is that it is haraam, whether the pictures are three-dimensional or are drawn on paper, cloth or walls, etc., or are photographs (taken with a camera), because of the reports in the saheeh ahaadeeth which state that that is not allowed, and threaten the one who does that with a painful torment, and because they may lead to shirk in the form of standing respectfully before them, humbling oneself before them, drawing close to them and venerating them in a manner that is only befitting for Allaah. They are also forbidden because this is a kind of trying to match the creation of Allaah, and because of the temptation inherent in some of them, such as pictures of actresses and naked women, and so-called beauty queens.
Among the ahaadeeth which state that this is haraam and that it is a major sin is the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said, “I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: ‘Whoever makes an image in this world will be told to breathe the soul into it on the Day of Resurrection, and he will never be able to do that.’” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim). He [Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him)] also narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Every image-maker will be in the Fire, and every image that he made will be made to appear to him and will torment him in Hell.” Ibn ‘Abbaas said: “If you must do that, then make trees and things that have no soul.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim). The general meaning of the ahaadeeth is that it is absolutely forbidden to make images of anything that has a soul.
Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 1/456-457
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said, when he was asked about pictures: making pictures for this purpose is haraam and is not permitted. That is because making pictures for memories is haraam, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “The angels do not enter any house in which there is an image,” (narrated by al-Bukhaari, Bid’ al-Khalq, 2986), and whatever the angels do not enter had no goodness in it.
Fataawa Manaar al-Islam, 3/759
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
Indeed, it is ever an immorality and is evil as a way.
and an evil, opening the road (to other evils).
this [form of expressing it] is more effective than
[saying] ‘Do not commit it’. It is indeed an indecency,
abomination, and, it is, an evil way.
TEENS AT RISK!Teenagers who watch adult movies are more likely to turn underage drinkers, suggests a new American study. The Dartmouth Medical School study into the behaviour of more than 6,250 youngsters exposed to adult films will add to the growing belief that teens involved in sex or violence are already being influenced by a diet of horror and other X-rated DVDs they watch at home.
For their study, the researchers let the children watch films that carry an R rating, which means those under 17 are not allowed to see them without parental supervision. R-rated movies contain less violent and nudity than X-rated movies in the US.
GAMBLING IS HARAM
Gambling in any form is prohibited in Islam, whether it takes place in a Casino, or it is in the form of a lottery or for a charitable organization, any game of chance is considered gambling. The reason for this being that the person who gambles, depends on his winnings to support him and in the process gives up honest, hard work. Gambling because of its addiction is also a danger to the individual, because it dulls his sense of value; and in turn he becomes a danger to society.
ALCOHOL AND DRUG IS HARAM
For women: In general, standards of modesty call for a woman to cover her body, particularly her chest. The Qur'an calls for women to "draw their coverings over their chests," and the Prophet Muhammad instructed believing women to cover their bodies except for their face and hands. Most Muslims interpret this to require headcoverings for women. Some Muslim women cover the entire body, including the face and/or hands.
For men: The minimum amount to be covered is between the navel and the knee.
by Nakata Khaula
Wednesday, June 15 @ 12:37:33 EEST
A woman who drinks alcohol during pregnancy increases the chances of her newborn acquiring an infection soon after birth, according to a new report. "Despite the well publicized risk of drinking during pregnancy,
there continues to be a significant number of women who drink during pregnancy," Dr. Theresa W. Gauthier from Emory University, Atlanta, told Reuters Health. "It remains unknown," she explained, "how even a small amount of alcohol exposure can affect the newborn infant in terms of infection, particularly before or early in the pregnancy, prior to its recognition." Gauthier and her associates examined the effects of alcohol use by mothers on the development of infection in their babies, using data from the Maternal Lifestyles and Development Study that included information on 11,656 infants delivered between 32 and 42 weeks gestation. Increasing amounts of maternal alcohol consumption at any point during pregnancy -- or indeed during the three months before pregnancy -- significantly increased the risk of neonatal infection, the team reports in the medical journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Heavy drinking (at least seven drinks per week) during the second trimester increased the risk of infection in the newborn nearly seven-fold compared with abstaining from alcohol, the report indicates. Binge drinking during the second or third trimester more than quadrupled the risk of infection. "To our knowledge," the researchers say, "the current study provides the first large clinical analysis suggesting a link between neonatal infection in the nursery with excessive maternal alcohol use during pregnancy." In comments to Reuters Health, Gauthier said: "All women of child bearing age, including teenagers, must be counseled by health workers, educators, and family that drinking any amount of alcohol before or during the chance they may become pregnant is dangerous not only for themselves but for their developing baby."Some Important Link
Alcohol and Cancer >>>>>
Alcoholism statistics are generally based on solid research. This research is usually performed by sociologists, educators, or those who are simply interested in knowing how alcoholism affects society and the world. Statistics that are based on drug and alcohol use are never 100 percent accurate because there is no way to accurately determine how alcoholism affects each individual in the world. However, we can use statistics to gain a good understanding of the social and societal impact that alcoholism has on individuals of all ages, from babies to the elderly.
Over 14 million people in the United States have an alcohol addiction. However, you do not have to be an alcoholic to be impacted by alcoholism. Just as with most drugs, alcohol does not only impact the individual who is suffering from alcohol dependence. Alcoholism also impacts a person’s spouse, relatives, friends and children. Alcoholism can also affect total strangers, as many individuals lose their lives yearly at the hands of drunk drivers. Exploring common alcohol abuse statistics and researching information about alcoholism is a great way for individuals to educate themselves on the dangers of alcohol.
Children and AlcoholismThere are countless statistics available on the effects that alcoholism has on children. Kids that grow up in a home with one or more parents who are alcoholics often have emotional problems. One in five children live with at least one adult who is an alcoholic, and these children often see themselves as the cause of the alcoholic behavior that surrounds them. Children who live with alcoholics also have a higher likelihood of becoming alcoholics themselves, and they will likely try their first drink before or during their teenage years.
Alcoholism and PregnancyFetal alcohol syndrome is one of the most common birth defects in children. This condition develops when pregnant mothers binge drink throughout their pregnancies. Over 50,000 children in the United States alone are born with severe cases of fetal alcohol syndrome each year. If babies suffering with this syndrome are not cured, they can suffer from mild to severe mental retardation and other birth defects. When babies are born addicted to alcohol, they must undergo the process of detoxification, and a medical practitioner must closely supervise them throughout this process. Mothers who drink excessively during their pregnancies also have a higher likelihood of delivering a stillborn baby. For these reasons, most health practitioners encourage mothers to stop drinking immediately after learning they are pregnant.
Alcoholism and the ElderlyAlcoholism does not only affect young and middle-aged individuals, as the elderly population accounts for a large portion of individuals who abuse alcohol. Over three million individuals who abuse alcohol in the United States are over age 60. In addition, there has been a great increase in the number of “baby boomers” becoming addicted to alcohol. Alcoholism is also common among elderly individuals who are single and have limited incomes. It is also common for elderly individuals to turn to alcohol after the loss of a long-time spouse.
Alcoholism and IllnessAlcoholism can lead to a host of illnesses, many of which can cause irreversible damage to the body. Cirrhosis of the liver is a common disease that many individuals who suffer from alcoholism obtain, primarily if they have been consuming large amounts of alcohol for many years. Excessive alcohol consumption also doubles a person’s chances of developing colon, kidney, throat, rectal, and esophageal cancer. Alcoholism also compromises the immune system severely, making it easier for alcoholics to contract bacterial and viral diseases.
Alcoholism and GeneticsScience has proven that genetics play a significant role in the development of alcoholism. Statistics show that over 40 percent of individuals suffering from alcoholism were genetically predisposed to this disease. However, not all individuals with a genetic predisposition to alcoholism become alcoholics. In those who either never drink or drink occasionally, these genes will lay dormant, but heavy drinkers who are predisposed to alcoholism can become addicted to alcohol rather quickly.
MortalityThe mortality rate in individuals who consume excessive amounts of alcohol is quite high. Driving accidents, alcohol poisoning, damaged organs and decreased immunity are just some of the problems that alcoholics face. Many also face a host of psychological problems as well, and many are depressed and contemplate suicide. The majority of alcoholics need some form of psychological counseling.
Getting HelpThose suffering from alcoholism are often crying out for help. Family members and loved ones are often available, but most often, professional help is necessary. The majority of individuals suffering from alcohol dependence must undergo detoxification. They must also learn to cope without using alcohol consistently, which is why there is a great deal of support available to individuals who struggle with alcohol abuse. Alcoholics Anonymous is the most popular group available to individuals with alcohol addictions, but there are many other support groups available as well. These alcoholism statistics show that alcoholism is a very serious disease, and it is important for those suffering from this disease to seek professional help.
Underage Drinking Statistics
Extent of Underage Drinking in the United States“Despite age 21 being the legal drinking age, children as young as 12 years old have engaged in under-age alcoholism.”Approximately one out of every ten alcoholic drinks in the U.S.A. is consumed illegally. Despite age 21 being the legal drinking age, children as young as 12 years old have engaged in under-age alcoholism. In fact, more than 70 percent of teens have consumed at least one alcoholic beverage by the time they reach age 18, which is still under the legal age.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention presents some alarming underage drinking statistics for 2009. When high school students were asked about their behaviors during the previous 30 days:
- Four out of ten had drunk beer, wine, spirits, or liquor (before their 21st birthdays)
- One of those four people had driven after drinking alcohol
- One out of four had engaged in binge drinking, which is having five or more drinks during the same occasion
- Just as many, approximately one out of four, had ridden in a vehicle with a drunk driver
If you fall into any of these categories, you may be unaware of the consequences or you may be afraid of what will happen if you stop drinking. By calling 1-800-928-9139, you can speak with a knowledgeable counselor who can evaluate your situation confidentially and suggest treatment options.
What Happens When Teens Drink Too Much?Many children and young adults do not understand the consequences of drinking too much. The social aspects of drinking, whether for rebellion, self-medication, or peer acceptance, often mask the underlying damage caused by alcohol.
Underage drinking leads to numerous physical, mental, and social issues. Because children and teens are still maturing, even one alcoholic drink can stunt or prevent crucial development within the brain and body. Ongoing drinking episodes and binge drinking can lead to large-scale problems and lifelong consequences. Some of the most common potential issues include:
- Trouble remembering specific events or whole periods of time
- Physical assault
- Sexual assault, as a perpetrator or a victim
- Pregnancy or sexually transmitted diseases from unplanned and unprotected sex
- Failing grades and absences from school
- Social isolation and rejection
- Hangovers, liver disease, and alcohol-related cancers
- Legal prosecution and jail time
- Car crashes, burns, falls, or drowning
- Abuse of other illegal or prescription drugs for a bigger high
- Suicide, manslaughter, or murder
- Death from alcohol poisoning
Ways to Recognize a Drinking ProblemMost people have trouble admitting they have an alcohol problem. Whether they are adults, teenagers, or children, they either do not see the signs themselves or they are in denial about the situation. The following signs can help detect whether you or someone you love has an underage drinking problem:
- Unusual changes in mood, including irritability, sudden flares of temper, and defensive words or actions
- Slurred speech, bloodshot eyes, stumbling, forgetfulness, and difficulty concentrating
- Rebellion against school rules, family rules, or social conventions
- Sudden switch to friends who are unknown to the parents or guardians
- Abnormal problems in school, such as low grades, attendance and tardiness issues, and disciplinary actions
- Low energy, lack of involvement, and a general sloppy appearance
- Presence of alcohol in a child’s room, backpack, locker, vehicle, or other places of importance
- Smelling alcohol on the person’s breath
Alcohol advertising may lead to underage drinking
Alcohol advertising and marketing may lead to underage drinking. A large systematic review of more than 13,000 people, reported in the open access journal BMC Public Health, suggests that exposure to ads and product placements, even those supposedly not directed at young people, leads to increased alcohol consumption
Lesley Smith and David Foxcroft from Oxford Brookes University collated information from seven rigorously selected studies, featuring information on 13,255 participants. This systematic review, funded by the Alcohol and Education Research Council (AERC), is the first to study the effects of advertising, product placement in films, games, sporting events and music videos, depictions of drinking in various media, and exposure to product stands in shops. As per Smith, "Our work provides strong empirical evidence to inform the policy debate on the impact of alcohol advertising on young people, and policy groups may wish to revise or strengthen their policy recommendations in the light of this stronger evidence".
The authors observed that exposure to TV alcohol advertisements was linked to an increased tendency to drink, as were magazine advertisements and concession stands at sporting events or concerts. Hours spent watching films, playing games and watching music videos also correlated with young peoples' tendency to consume alcoholic beverages. Smith said, "All seven studies demonstrated significant effects across a range of different exposure variables and outcome measures. One showed that for each additional hour of TV viewing per day the average risk of starting to drink increased by 9% during the following 18 months. Another observed that for each additional hour of exposure to alcohol use depicted in popular movies there was a 15% increase in likelihood of having tried alcohol 13 to 26 months later".
The authors recommend that counter-advertising, social marketing techniques and other prevention options such as parenting programmes, price increases and limiting availability appears to be useful to limit alcohol problems in young people.
Posted by: Janet Source
WHY PORK IS HARAM IN ISLAM?
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